Deep and inaccessible valleys remain undisturbed allowing large trees to give shade to other woodland species. The largest broadleaved tree by the sea is the sycamore, there is also oak. Cherry, alder, apple and elder, hawthorn and Hazel provide fruit and nuts for birds and small mammals, such as the dormouse. Many birds including the greater woodpecker and green woodpecker and owls live here. Also the roe, red and muntjac deer live off plant shoots, roots and tree bark. Climbing plants such as ivy, honey suckle and black bryony twist through. Ferns grow on the ground in rotting leaves and twigs and along the branches of trees, in moss. Bluebells grow in areas where the light falls through the trees with stitchwort and nettles, and primroses on the banks. The fox, badger, stoats, squirrels, hedgehogs and bats live here. The insect life is everywhere, beetles, ants, flys, bees, wasps, woodlice, also spiders and slugs and snails.
Sheltered Woodland Food chain:
Blood (from biting the skin of other animals)